History

Who was Ertugrul Ghazi? History About Ertugrul Bey?

Who was Ertugrul Ghazi

A Turkish drama named Ertugrul Ghazi is being broadcast in Urdu language on Pakistan Television. But before dubbing in Urdu, this drama is so popular in Pakistan that Prime Minister Imran Khan is also counted among its fans. The ‘Islamic Culture’ shown in this has been praised.

According to Ottoman traditions, Ertugrul was the father of Usman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire. Besides, there is no fact-based information about him.
The beginning of this family and kingdom, which ruled a very large part of the world for centuries, has been lost in the mist of history. In the history books, apart from Ottoman traditions, two solid signs of this era (one coin and one of the historian of the Bazantini Empire) Written) and a dream of Usman is mentioned, which we will go forward and mention.

What is settled is that Usman belonged to a Turkish gypsy tribe inhabited in the Anatolia area in today’s Turkey and his government was one of the smaller governments in Anatolia with not much difference in power.
The question arises that finally Usman or his father did so that only the rule of the same family was smaller than the tribe and then the great kingdom of Anatolia spread to the three great monuments and then turned into a caliphate.

 

Historian Caroline Funkl writes in her book ‘The Dream of Osman: The Story of the Ottoman Empire’ that “The reasons for the success of the Ottoman people but their anatolia (the area that somehow corresponds to the boundaries of today’s Turkey) for two centuries with my neighbors in two centuries The fight that was spread was extremely tough.

Ottoman tradition about Ertugrul.
Historian Stanford J Shaw writes in his book ‘History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey’ that ‘The beginning of the Ottoman Kingdom has always been an important question for the students of history, but the lack of resources of this era and later periods. It is difficult to say anything with full faith because of the contradiction in the traditions I have written.

They wrote, describing the same famous tradition, that the descendants of the Ottomans were Amjad Salman Shah, who was the leader of the Qai tribe and lived in an area of northern Iran in the late 12th century. Ottoman Empire, Usman I

According to Ottoman tradition, Ertugrul was the father of Usman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire.
According to tradition, like many other Turkic tribes in view of the Mongol attacks, this tribe also left for new territories to escape slavery and destruction, and according to Jay Shaw, it is believed that Salman Shah drowned in the Euphrates River entering Syria. Went and then their two sons went back.’

While Ertugrul continued his journey westward and entered the territory of Anatolia where the Seljuk rulers gave him land in the western region of Anatolia in return for his help.
According to this tradition recorded in Jay Shah’s book, Ertugrul passed away in 1280 and the leadership of the tribe was given to his son Usman.

Finkel writes that according to Ottoman tradition, a tribal chief named Ertugrul came to northwestern Anatolia and settled in the area between the Seljuk and Byzantine kingdoms, and according to this tradition, the Seljuk Sultan had granted Ertughrul some area in Sogut. But Ertugrull’s What was the relation with Usman?
Coin with an unknown date

Finkel writes that if the only coin found from the era of Usman is genuine, it proves that Ertugrul was definitely a historical figure. It is listed on the coin ‘Issued for Usman son of Ertughrul’ is listed.
Finkel further writes that Usman’s release of a coin in his name proves that he was not just a tribal chief at the time but had begun to consider himself an autonomous emperor outside the shadows of the Seljuk Mongolian kingdom.

Finkel writes that the first mention of the Ottomans is found around 1300.
A Byzantine historian of the time wrote that in 1301, the Byzantine army faced the army of a man named Osman. The battle called the ‘Jang Bafios’ was fought near Constantine (Istanbul) and the Byzentine army was badly defeated.

But the Ottomans still had plenty of time to equalize the Byzantine Empire. And when that happened, stories were born of how one family suddenly emerged from anonymity and came so far.
Ottoman Empire
Historians say the Ottomans were lucky in terms of their territory being so close to Constantine which ensured the great prize in the form of success ever.

Usman’s dream
Historian Leslie P. Paris writes in her book ‘The Imperial Haram: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire’ that, according to the most-heard tradition about the beginning of the Ottoman Empire, Osman had a dream following his early successes.

In this dream, they saw that the moon appears from the chest of a dervish Sheikh Adibali and enters his own chest. Along with it emerges a very large tree whose shadow covers the whole world.

 

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