(According to general opinion, the Ottoman Caliphate began in 1517. This special article was written on the occasion of completing 500 years of this matter)
Zahiruddin Babar was well aware that his army was eight times less than the enemy, so he made a move that was not even in the illusion of Ibrahim Lodhi.
He tied seven hundred bullcarts together with leather juice using Ottoman Turks war tactics in Panipat field. Behind them were his cannons and gunmen. Cannons are not very good at this time It used to happen, but when they started shelling blindly, the ear-piercing explosions and stinking smoke made the Afghan army unconscious and, terrified of this sudden disaster, which he ran wherever he faced. Ottoman Gift
This was the first battle of Panipat and during that, for the first time in India, ammunition was used in a war.
In addition to 50 thousand soldiers, Ibrahim Lodhi also had a thousand war elephants, but like the soldiers, they never heard cannons explosions, so repeating the history of the Purse elephants, they ran away by suffocating instead of participating in the war. Standing or turning the rows of Lodhi upside down.
Babar’s 12 thousand trained horsemen were waiting for this moment, they advanced at lightning speed and surrounded Lodhi’s army from all four sides and shortly after Babar’s victory was completed.
In his book “100 Decisive Wars,” historian Paul Davis called this war one of the most decisive wars in history.
This was the beginning of the great Mughalia kingdom.
In addition to the Ottoman war tactics, two Turkish gunmen Ustad Ali and Mustafa also played a key role in this victory. They were gifted to Babar by another great kingdom, the first Caliph of the Ottoman Kingdom, Salim Ol.
One of the greatest kingdoms in the world was the stain of the Ottoman Empire by Usman Ghazi in the 13th century.
At that time, the Byzantine kingdom was drawing its last breaths and Anatolia was divided into several small states and kingdoms. Usman Ghazi, born in 1254, was the Turkish chief of a small state of Sughout. However, he saw such a dream one day Who turned the direction of history.
British historian Caroline Funkel wrote in her book ‘The Dream of Usman’, that one night Usman was sleeping in the house of an elderly Sheikh Adibali that he had a dream that a tree grew from his chest and was shadowing the whole world. When he told the Sheikh a dream, he said: “Osman, my son, congratulations, God has handed over the royal throne to you and your children.”
The Ottomans had initially conquered several parts of Europe. The kingdom reached its military, political, economic and cultural climax during the era of Salman Aleshan (whose name was very popular in Pakistan), the kingdom has reached its military, politically, economic and cultural heights. Salman said Balgrad and Conquer Hungary and spread its borders to Central Europe.
However, despite trying twice, Salman Alishan could not conquer the Austrian city of Vienna, Europe moved forward.
It was an age of discovery in Europe and Spain, Portugal, Netherlands and British navies were ploughing the seas around the world. The discovery and occupation of the continent America gave Europe a clear advantage over the rest of the world and they in place Start building your colonies.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, Europe left the rest of the world behind in the field of science and technology. One of the reasons was because of the promotion of the shipwreck industry, they invented new equipment for shipwreck and improve them. The necessity that promoted both science and technology.
The second thing was the raids, whose invention in 1439 led to a scientific and intellectual revolution in Europe. The science and arts that previously belonged only to the nobles and the church, are now within the reach of the common man. Even if the Ottoman printing press If they had started benefiting from it, perhaps the history of the world would have been different today.
But Bayazid II, the son of Sultan Fateh, imposed the death penalty for those who printed books in Arabic script in 1483. The reason for this was that the scholars turned the publishing house into frangis. Saying that publishing books in Quran or Arabic script on this invention was against religion.
So Europe moved on, the Ottoman Empire shrunk year after year even during WWI the British snatched almost all territory from them except Anatolia.
The Muslims of India were deeply saddened by the fact that they considered the Usmani Khalifa as their religious ruler and leader. They started the Caliphate movement in 1919 under the leadership of Maulana Muhammad Ali and Maulana Shaukat Ali, threatening the British that if they Indian Muslims will revolt against him if they tried to impeach Khalifa Abdul Hameed. Leaders such as Ataullah Shah Bukhari, Hasrat Mohani, Maulana Abulkalam Azad, Zafar Ali Khan, Maulana Mahmood Al-Hasan and Hakim Ajmal Khan were also included in this movement.