Nearly 500 years ago, Flemish sculptor Gerardus Merceter designed one of the most important maps in the world. This wasn’t the first attempt at a world map and it wasn’t even that accurate. For example Australia doesn’t exist and North and South America wasn’t properly depicted.
Successors tried to correct the mistakes of the marketer and made better maps that also corrected the biases between the hemisphere and the horizon they created from their outline.
But Merceter’s map, along with other maps he created by his 16th-century contemporary, reveals a real-world picture of the Earth’s surfaces, an idea that has linger in people’s minds ever since.
The original map made by the marketer in the year 1569. The marketer was unaware that the order of continents wasn’t always the same as they existed around 400 years before the tectonic plate theory was confirmed.
Looking at the position of the seven continents on the map, it seems easy to understand that they have always been held in one place. For centuries, humans have been building wars and peace on the assumption that they occupy parts of these territories. Kee and their neighbors land has always been here and always will.
However, from the Earth’s point of view, continents are like leaves floating in a pond. Seven continents were once one, called a super continent or pengia. And three billion years before that. There is evidence of other continents covered by the K era including Penocia, Rodinia, Colombia/Nona, Canverland and R.
Geologists know that continents disperse and gather in cycles. We’re halfway through a cycle as well. So what kind of super continent could Earth have in the future? How will the volume of land (landmass) that we have known for a very long time be rearranged?
It turns out that at least four different paths may come before us. And they show that the creatures on Earth will one day reside on a very different planet, which looks like an alien world.
The path for geographer Joao Duarte at the University of Lisbon to search for the future continents of the Earth began with an unusual event in the past. It was an earthquake that struck Portugal on Saturday morning in November 1755.
It was one of the most powerful earthquakes to hit in the last 250 years, killing 60,000 people and causing a tsunami in the ocean. Duarte says, ‘You sea’ ‘There must not be big earthquakes in the ocean. That was weird.’
Earthquakes of this scale usually occur at or near large subduction zones, where sea plates sink below continents and melt into hot lava. These include collision and devastation. The Sna 1755 earthquake, however, was a ‘non ‘Active’ happened with the boundary, where the sea plate under the ocean was easily merged into Europe and Africa.
In 2016, Duarte and co-workers presented a hypothetical theory: Perhaps the stitches between those plates are opening, and it’s time for a mass explosion. ‘It could be some sort of infectious procedure,’ they say. Like glass shattering between two small holes in the windscreen. If so, a subduction zone could be created to erupt from the Mediterranean along West Africa and perhaps reach Ireland and UK, and bring volcanoes to those regions, mountains Makes and brings the earthquakes.
Duarte thought if this happens it could lead to the ocean’s closing eventually. And if the ocean continues to close too, which is already happening with the ‘ring of fire’ around it, then finally a super Will become a continent. They named it Oureka, because the center of it will contain the former landmass of Australia and the United States.
If the ocean and the Pacific close up, the super prime minister will become orica.
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After publishing his proposal for ORECA, Dawarte began to think of other future scenarios. However, it wasn’t the only continental trajectory or orbit that geologists had suggested.
They opened up conversations with marine expert Matthews Green at the University of Bangor, Wales. They both realized they needed a computer expert to build their digital model.
They say that ‘that person had to be a little bit special, who had no problem studying something that would never happen in human life.’
This particular person turns out to be her colleague Hannah Davies, another geographer from the University of Lisbon. She says ‘My work was to turn the drawings and sketches of past geographers into something that is in quantitative, geographical reference and digital format.’ It was to create models that other scientists could advance and improve.
But it wasn’t even that easy and straightforward. It’s not like any regular science essay. We were going to say, right.” Yes, we understand so much about plate tectonics after 40 or 50 years. And we understand so much more about mental dynamics, and all the other components of the system. How far can we take this knowledge into the future? ‘
Four scenarios emerged from this. In addition to creating a more detailed model of Orika, they also worked on three other possibilities, each presenting a scene approximately 20 to 25 million years from now.
The first was what might happen if it all continues this way: the ocean remains open and the Pacific closes. In this scenario, the newly formed supercontinent will be called Nuopingya.
If that tectonic operation continues as we know it, it will become Nuopingia